Battery-powered IoT devices face challenges like cost, maintenance, and environmental sustainability, prompting the emergence of batteryless energy-harvesting systems that harness ambient sources. However, their intermittent behavior can disrupt program execution and cause data loss, leading to unpredictable outcomes. Despite exhaustive studies employing conventional checkpoint methods and intricate programming paradigms to address these pitfalls, this paper proposes an innovative systematic methodology, namely DIAC. The DIAC synthesis procedure enhances the performance and efficiency of intermittent computing systems, with a focus on maximizing forward progress and minimizing the energy overhead imposed by distinct memory arrays for backup. Then, a finite-state machine is delineated, encapsulating the core operations of an IoT node, sense, compute, transmit, and sleep states. First, we validate the robustness and functionalities of a DIAC-based design in the presence of power disruptions. DIAC is then applied to a wide range of benchmarks, including ISCAS-89, MCNS, and ITC-99. The simulation results substantiate the power-delay-product (PDP) benefits. For example, results for complex MCNC benchmarks indicate a PDP improvement of 61%, 56%, and 38% on average compared to three alternative techniques, evaluated at 45 nm.
Sepehr Tabrizchi, Shaahin Angizi, Arman Roohi